Found on the African continent these birds are found primarily on marshes and grassy flatlands near the rivers and lakes; also inhabits cultivated land. The crane is a very social bird. They are usually found either in pairs or in flocks of over 100 birds. Their varied diet consists of plants, seeds, grain, insects, frogs, worms, snakes, small fish and the eggs of water animals. They stamp as they walk, flushing insects to eat.
Their breeding season varies throughout their range. They have a life span of 22 years.
The crowned cranes are “living fossils” among the cranes; they flourished in the Eocene (54-38 million years ago).